Dear listener! This is the next disc of the Asyl Mura noncommercial humanitarian project. This CD's release was made possible thanks to financial support of the company Coca-Cola CIS Services LTD, representative office in Kazakhstan.
The disc represents the wonderful pieces of Kazakh instrumental musical tradition shertpe in the performance of such outstanding folk musicians as �ulegen Mombekov (1922-1996), ��gauya Khamzin (1927-2000) and �biken Khasenov (1897-1958).
The instrumental tradition shertpe is the ancient musical tradition widely spread throughout the territory of the Republic (except for the west of Kazakhstan, where the tradition tokpe prevails). The people name as shertpe several various archaic and highly developed original styles of dombra music. �yuis-shertpe mainly are lyrical. Often, philosophical or contemplative beginnings are shown in them. A widely known and authoritative tradition is arka (Sary-Arka, Central Kazakhstan) in the center of which is the art of the ingenious Tattimbet (1815-1862). In the twentieth century the successors of this school were such remarkable musicians as �biken Khasenov and ��gauya Khamzin.
The shertpe tradition of Karatau (the south of Kazakhstan) is of later origin. It was influenced by the school of Arka shertpe with which it borders. Besides, it is felt the influence of kobyz music in this tradition and some features of another dombra style - tokpe. In the tradition of Karatau shertpe almost the mythical figure of the great musician Sugur (1882-1961) towers over the others. One of the famous followers of Sugur is Tulegen Mombekov, the musician who made much for popularization of Sugur's creative art.
Abiken Khasenov was born in the Shet region of Karaganda oblast. He grew up in the traditional musical environment where many considered as experts at kyuis. The first teacher of the musician became his own uncle Makash, the elder brother of his father. Such names of dombra players as Baubek, Kyzdarbek, Abdi, �kmolda and Itayak were well-known and respected. In 1934, �biken, on the recommendation of the outstanding Kazakh poet and writer Saken Seifullin was invited to perform at the Kazakh Drama Theatre in which he worked up to the end of his days. Abiken produced a number of remarkable theatrical images of national batyrs and biys. His artistic activity was marked by high awards - the Order of Honor and the title of the "Honored Artist of the Kazakh SSR". But the most important part of Abiken's life was connected certainly with the instrumental tradition shertpe, the brightest representative of which he was. The Kazakh artistic, literary and scientific intelligentsia of that time liked to listen to the exciting and heartfelt sounds of his dombra. Fortunately, during Abiken Khasanov's life the gramophone records were made into which some kyuis by Tattimbet, Abdi, as well as his own kyuis ("��nyr") and transpositions of songs were included.
M�gauya Khamzin was born in the Aktogai region of Dzhezkazgan oblast. His father Khamza and grandfather Ashimtai were famous musicians. ��gauya started to act as a performer of kyuis-shertpe when he was ten years old. In the course of time he has developed his own original performing manner in which virtuosity prevailed. As compared with A. Khasenov and T. Mombekov, to play dombra was his main profession. For a long time Magauya Khamzin was a soloist of Kazakhconcert. He started to work as a dombra player at the Karaganda Philarmonic Society. Then he performed in the Orchestra of Folk Musical Instruments named after Kurmangazy and at the Palace of Culture of Metallurgists in Balkhash. ��gauya Khamzin showed himself also as the author of several interesting kyuis. In 1998, during the jubilee events devoted to the 175th anniversary of Kurmangazy, ��gauya Khamzin, together with the dombra player of tokpe tradition Rysbai Gabdiyev, was awarded a honorable prize "For the outstanding contribution to traditional musical art" at the International Festival of Traditional Music of Turkic Nations "Kurmangazy and the
Music of Great Steppe".
Tulegen Mombekov was born in the Suzak region of Shymkent oblast, in the state farm "Syzgan". His granduncle Bapysh was a well-known musician. Tulegen's grandfather, Nazar, was the zhyrau-storyteller, his father Mombek also played dombra. Though the founder of tradition of Karatau shertpe is considered Sugur, there were also other fine musicians. Among them was Tulegen Mombekov, the author of over forty wonderful kyuis. Many times he was invited to the capital to perform at the concerts, record kyuis and to participate in TV and radio broadcastings. �ulegen Mombekov is the veteran of the Great Patriotic War. In 1971, he was awarded the title of the Honored Art Figure of the Kazakh SSR.
We would like to thank Sayan Akmolda and Sarsengali Zhuzbayev for the assistance and consultations in compiling this disc.
B. Baikadamova, S. Elemanova.